Opposition to the TPP agreement covers a number of issues. The secrecy of the negotiations is considered undemocratic. Moreover, these opponents add that trade agreements are believed to be the source of foreign competition that contributes to the loss of production jobs in the United States. In addition, some opponents are concerned about the “Investor-State Dispute Settlement Clause” (ISDR), which allows companies to sue national governments that violate trade agreements. Robert Z. Lawrence, a Harvard economist, argues that the model used by Tufts researchers “is simply not able to credibly predict the effects of the TPP” and argues that the model used by Petri and Plummer is superior.  Lawrence argues that the model used by Tufts researchers “does not have the granularity that allows it to assess variables such as exports, imports, foreign direct investment and changes in the industrial structure. As a result, his predictions ignore the benefits to TPP economies resulting from increased specialization, economies of scale and better consumer selection.  Lawrence also notes that the model used by tufts researchers indicates that the TPP will fall by 5.24% in non-TPP developing countries such as China, India and Indonesia, which is very skeptical of Lawrence: “It is not credible that a trade agreement of this magnitude could lead the rest of the world into recession.  Harvard economist Dani Rodrik, a well-known skeptic of globalization, says that Tufts researchers “do a bad job of explaining how their model works, and the details of their simulation are a little dark… lack of sectoral and country-by-country details under Capaldo; his attitudes remain opaque; and its extreme Keynesian assumptions are agitated with its medium-term perspective.  China has agreed to join the CPTPP. As the world`s largest economy, China would quadruple the economic benefits of the agreement.
For its part, Beijing insisted that a separate trade agreement, which includes the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (RCEP), which includes 15 Asia-Pacific countries, but not the United States. It has also launched its Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to develop commercial and energy infrastructure throughout South and Central Asia.
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