Philippine Foreign Minister Teodoro Locsin announced on Twitter on Tuesday that he had informed Washington in a diplomatic statement. The decision not to denounce the agreement was taken “in light of political and other developments in the region,” Locsin said in the diplomatic communication, without elaborating. Political analysts have interpreted the reversal as a sign that China`s neighbors are worried about its growing military strength. The Philippines, Vietnam and Malaysia have all disputes with China over its territorial claims in the South China Sea. The stalemate with China and the continuing dispute over the Spratly Islands have led the Philippines to consider stronger military relations with the United States. In 2012, a senior Philippine defense official said U.S. troops, warships and aircraft, as long as they had been cleared by the Philippine government, could reuse their former naval and air facilities at Bay Bay Naval Base and Clark Air Base.  In 2013, Secretary of State Albert del Rosario clarified that the creation of a U.S. military facility could only be authorized because of constitutional constraints if it was under the control of the Philippine military.
 It would appear that the agreement includes joint access to military but non-civilian facilities in the Philippines.  A basic military agreement of 1947 granted the United States a 99-year lease for a number of Philippine military and naval bases where the U.S. authorities had virtual territorial rights.  In August 1951, a Mutual Defence Treaty (TDM) was signed between representatives of the Philippines and the United States. The comprehensive agreement contained eight articles and stated that the two nations would have supported each other if the Philippines or the United States were attacked by an outside party. An amendment to the basic agreement in 1966 reduced his term from 99 years to 25 years.  In 1979, after two years of negotiations, the basic agreement was renewed with some modifications.  The plan to break the agreement – which annually represents hundreds of joint military exercises with the United States and an important part of its nearly 70-year-old alliance — was suspended in June. The Philippines became a colony of the United States after the Spanish-American War and the Ensue-American War that followed. In 1935, under the Tydings-McDuffie Act, the Philippines became an autonomous community, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, with full independence, planned ten years later. On July 7, 1946, the Philippines became totally independent by World War II and the Japanese invasion and occupation of the Philippines.  After independence, a strong U.S.
military presence remained in the Philippines, including a number of U.S. military bases in the Philippines, all authorized by agreements between the newly independent Philippines and the United States.
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