The treaty provided for the independence of the Republic of Turkey, but also the protection of the Greek-Orthodox Christian minority in Turkey and the Muslim minority in Greece. However, the majority of Turkey`s Christian population and the Muslim population of Greece had already been expelled under the previous agreement signed by Greece and Turkey on the exchange of the Greek and Turkish population. Only the Greek Orthodox of Constantinople, Imbros and Tenedos (about 270,000 at the time) and the Muslim population of Western Thrace (about 129,120 in 1923) were excluded.  Article 14 of the Treaty granted the islands of Imbros (Gokéada) and Tenedos (Bozcaada) a “special administrative organization”, a right which the Turkish government had revoked on 17 February 1926. Turkey also formally accepted the loss of Cyprus (which had been leased to the British Empire after the Berlin Congress in 1878, but de jure remained Ottoman territory until the First World War). Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (both occupied by British troops under the pretext of defying the Urabi revolt in 1882 and restoring order, “but de jure the Ottoman territories remained until the First World War) were given to the British Empire, which had unilaterally annexed them on 5 November 1914.  The fate of Mosul province was to be determined by the League of Nations. Turkey also explicitly renounced all claims on the Dodecanese Islands that Italy was to return to Turkey in 1912, after the Italian-Turkish War (1911-1912), under Article 2 of the Ouchy Treaty.   (1) The patient in Europe is Turkey. (2) The slogan of pan-Islamism was given by Abdul Hamid II. (3) The Young Turks Movement took place in 1908.
(4) Under the government of Abdul Hamid II, the movement of young Turks began. (5) The terrible humiliating treaty with Turkey after the First World War is called the Sebra Treaty. (6) The Treaty of Cebra was signed on August 10, 1920. (7) Sebra`s contract was rejected by Mustafa Kamalpasha. (8) Mustafa Kamalpasha, the creator of modern Turkey, is taken into account. (9) Ataturk (father of Turkey) is known as Mustafa Kamalpasha. (10) Mustafa Kamalpasha was born in 1891 in Selenika. (11) The Committee for Unity and Progress in Turkey was founded in 1889.
(12) At first, Kamalpasha was under the influence of the Committee of Unity and Progress. (13) Kamalpasha was commander of the Galipop War. (14) Kamalpasha resigned as a soldier in 1919. (15) Kamalpasha presided over the first session of the Congress of the Turkish Republic (1919 AD).
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